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Breed History

Czechoslovakian wolfdog (also known in the US and in the UK as Czechoslovakian wolfdog) is a relatively young breed coming from the Czech and Slovak crossbreeding efforts, through Carpathian wolf and German shepherd. Czechoslovakian wolfdog was born in 1950, the mean ing. Karel Hartl, (head of the border guard dog Libějovice) to improve health, strength and toughness dogs used to protect the borders, inserting wolf blood into the breed. The main characteristics sought in these new entities have greater ability to learn and the skills needed to serve as a working dog; appearance and morphology were considered secondary to their resilience and their physical ability. In 1957, Ing Karel Hartl gave "continue" into the project. They were chosen two types of German Shepherds to fully meet the required characteristics of good breeding stock. The first dog was calm, obedient and well trained; The second was more aggressive, less submissive, but also well trained. Both were gray and no longer transmits its genetic heritage of times. The she-wolf Brita, who was one year old at the time, was brought to the border guards in Libějovice kennel of Border Guards to be mated. However, while she was warm, remain hidden, making the whole project to fail. In 1958, efforts were made to better manage the project and the heats of the wolf started on 15 March. On the thirteenth day of its races, the first German Shepherd was introduced in his pen. Wolf woman remained in his kennel, and when he approached, he attacked him on the neck. German shepherd unfortunately ran toward the exit. Woman attacked him again, even more emphatically, and tore a piece of skin as big as the palm of a hand at his side. The first attempt at mating between Carpathian wolf Brita and the first German Shepherd remained, therefore unsuccessful.
                                                     


The second attempt was carried out the next day with another dog, Caesar of birch grove. From the moment they met, she-wolf jumped on him, biting him furiously; that stroke back immediately, biting her throat and shook her, after what she-wolf did not resist and had allowed him to mate. May 26, 1958, after 61 days of gestation, the first generation of hybrids were born. Brita gave birth to five puppies, one male and four females, all weighs 90 grams less than the German shepherd puppies of the same age. The first generation of hybrids were much closer to the wolf than dog. Behavioral traits inherited from the dog began to appear in the next generation. Six weeks old, the pups were removed from their mother. Anatomical and physiological differences between the hybrids and both parents were examined in detail and their training potentials, perseverance and tenacity was tested. Two hybrids were selected from Bessy and Bety Border Guards to be mated again with german shepherds. Puppies from this second generation could be educated if they were removed from the kennel and weaned individually. F3 and F4 generations of hybrids could be trained as German Shepherds and used without difficulty in the army. The she-wolf Brita was then associated with the German Shepherd Kurt Václavka, and gave birth to a second line of hybrids May 21, 1960. Part of the production was sent to the Slovak Malackách to be tested for behavior and perseverance, and then crossed with other German shepherds. In 1964 and 1965, the results of crosses and considered a new direction of research have been published. At this time, the idea was born to create a new breed, despite the almost hysterical reaction of a German shepherd breeders are. The first standard for Czechoslovakian wolfdog was written by Ing. Karel Hartl in 1966. At that time were already four generations on the first line, from mating wolf Briton and a German Shepherd Cezar from Birch grove, and two generations of the second line, descending from the same woman (Brita) German Kurt Berger Armillaria. But Svazarm (Association of the army at this time), and the Czechoslovak Association of Breeders small animals (ČsSCHDZ) rejected the application for registration of the breed in the studbook, given the low number of subjects. In 1968, a third line was born in the Czech countryside, Býchory police kennel, resulting from a cross between a wolf Argo and female German Shepherd Astra from the SNB. The abbreviation "CV" = Vlčák Czech (Czech Alsatian) then began to be used to describe those hybrids. In 1970, most hybrids were sent to new kennels near Malacky, Slovakia. These sheds belonging to the Bratislava section of border guards. The decision to transfer the best genitors was dictated by the need to protect them as much as possible from the "Iron Curtain" in the critical years that followed the "Prague Spring" (Czechoslovakia invasion of the Russian army and its allies). Thus, breeders should ensure that they were not under military pressure and could be taken to establish the morphological characteristics of this new breed. Vice Commander of the kennels, Major Frantisek Rosik, took over the program in cooperation with Karl Hartl, and significantly contributed to the development of the breed in the Slovak Republic. Third Wolf, Sarik, has also been linked with F3 women Xela of border guards, as well as a CV female Urta of the Border Guard in 1974. The name of the Czech Vlčák / seminar (Czech Alsatian) gradually turned into Czechoslovakian wolfdog / CSV (Czechoslovakian wolfdog ), and under this name that the breed was recorded. In 1981, after a strong debate, Czechoslovak Association of Breeders small animals (ČsSCHDZ) has enabled the club and the registration of the breed in the studbook. The club is a Czechoslovakian wolfdog breeder, which is headquartered in Prague, was founded in Brno on March 20, 1982. Club represented the whole of Czechoslovakia and was a member of the Czechoslovak Union of breeders. The Constituent Assembly also approved the name of the breed "Czechoslovakian wolfdog" (Czechoslovakian wolfdog), and instructed the Council to confirm its ability to reproduce and further establish its criteria and create a breeding program. Major Francis Rosik was appointed Director of the Council, and Colonel Ing Karel Hartl Senior Advisor. Later came the Slovak branch of the Club, with many other dogs of the military kennels; under the Act and therefore has a right to a greater number of members. The same year, the first 43 puppies were registered in the Czech stud book. Between 1982 and 1991, 1552 puppies were registered. Later breeders Slovaks, with the support of Club director, chose to ignore the breeding program established by Senior Advisor, and the first two years (1982 - 1983) increased the number of subjects by 77%, and that one genitor: Rep of Border Guards F3 ( Born in the border guards CHS). After that, in 5 years, 90% of patients were parents with this dog and 83% in close connection with it. Maintaining the natural structure of the breed and avoid damage to its genetic heritage has been difficult for Czech farmers, who have had very few players available. The new crossing at Libějovice kennel, the German Shepherd Bojar von Schottenhof a wolf Lejdy (from Deep zoo) was therefore used to reduce inbreeding herd. That was the last wolf contribution to the genetic heritage of the breed. Their puppies were born on April 26, 1983. Kazan of the Border Guards (F1) selected in this litter, it has been used since 1985, at 3 different women, birth to 20 direct descendants. In a June 13, 1989, in Helsinki, the breed standard was approved by the FCI and its secretariat was published under number 332 on 28 April 1994. This proposal was presented to representatives of Czechoslovakia, which remains, despite the division of the country of origin of the breed, which officially bears the name: . Czechoslovakian wolfdog (Czechoslovakian wolfdog) After the split of Czechoslovakia into two separate states on 1 January 1993, the existence of a unique breed club had no meaning. Czechoslovakian wolfdog club's breeders therefore decided on 23 January 1993, at a meeting in Bratislava, divided into two separate groups that would support the breeding of breed in each country. By mutual agreement, the responsibility for maintaining the breed was assigned to Slovakia to 04.07.1993. Despite this, since any change in the standard must be approved in the country of origin, Czechoslovakia, only an agreement between the two republics could allow such an examination. In June 6, 1999 Czechoslovakian wolfdog finally recognized by the FCI. In short, for a period of 25 years, four wolves (Brita, Argo, Sarik and Lejdy) and various German Shepherds, which contributed to the development of the breed. Today, the use of blood in breeding wolves is absolutely unjustified